Founded in 2003 as the technology and research branch of, Starfield is an innovator in the field of Internet foundation services, providing advanced software and Internet solutions critical to the building of a strong online presence. Although Starfield Technologies is a new company, it is rooted in's strong tradition of providing affordable leading-edge solutions for businesses and individuals.

The company delivers the tools that enable its partners to assist their customers in developing and enhancing their online visibility.

Starfield Technologies is located in Scottsdale, Arizona.

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SSL Certificates came into being back in 1994, when Netscape® first adopted the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Protocol as a means of securing online communications with users. By 1999, SSL was an industry-wide standard.

Even as security technology has improved, cyber criminals have gotten steadily better at sidestepping these measures. Fear of fraud continues to plague Web merchants today, keeping millions of consumers from shopping online.

Since its founding in 2003, Starfield Technologies has quickly risen to a leadership position in the field of Internet security. Online retailers, Internet Service Providers, ad agencies, financial institutions, retailers and many others look to Starfield for a safe, affordable way to protect their Web customers, suppliers and partners.

A secure, encrypted connection is established through what's called the SSL "handshake" process. As soon as a visitor enters an SSL-protected part of a Web site, their browser silently requests a secure session. In response, the server that holds the Web site responds by "showing" it's Certificate to the visitor's browser.

Although it takes only moments and is completely invisible to the end user, a lot happens during the handshake. The exchange not only verifies the validity of the server's Certificate, but confirms the Certificate is being used by the Web site for which it was issued. What's more, the handshake confirms that the Certificate has been issued by a trusted SSL Certificate Authority.

Once the visitor's browser is satisfied as to the authenticity of the SSL Certificate, it generates a session "key," encrypts it with the server's public key and sends a copy back to the server. The server decrypts the key using its private key.

This single-use session key is created anew each time the visitor enters an SSL-protected area of any site.

When the handshake is complete, a padlock icon and "https" prefix appear in the user's browser bar, telling him or her that a secure SSL connection has been established. Information exchanged during a secure session cannot be intercepted or "overheard" by an Internet thief, no matter how sophisticated.

SSL certificates from Starfield Technologies are fully validated and offer 99 percent browser recognition. This means that 99% of all browsers in use today will accept a Starfield SSL during the handshake process. A browser recognition rate of 95 percent is generally considered the minimum for commercial Web sites.

Starfield Technologies is located in Scottsdale, Arizona.